Concussion Management

Concussions account for approximately nine percent of all youth sports injuries. Although most people associate concussions with contact sports, such as football and hockey, concussions also occur in the not-so-obvious sports, too.
A concussion is a brain injury that happens when a blow to the head causes the brain to move around in the skull. Concussions can happen at any time, and no two are the same. The recovery time for a concussion usually takes a few weeks, however, it can take longer depending on the individual. Physical and mental rest is important for recovery. Before returning to sports or other physical activity, you should be evaluated by a health care provider or, in some instances, a concussion specialist.

Know the Symptoms

Concussion symptoms range from headaches to behavioral changes and can take minutes, hours, or even days to appear. Every concussion is unique and not everyone will lose consciousness, so it’s important to keep an eye out for some of the most common symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Loss of balance or coordination
  • Confusion
  • Vision and hearing problems
  • Trouble concentrating or remembering
  • Changes in personality, mood, or behavior
  • Delayed speech or reaction time
  • Nausea or vomiting

Long-term symptoms of concussions can include fatigue or trouble sleeping, thinking, and remembering. Some children also report depression, frustration, or restlessness.
If you are concerned that you or a family member has suffered a concussion, talk to your primary care provider. Post-concussion evaluation can be handled by your primary care provider and in some instances it might be best to consult with a concussion specialist.